CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION THROUGH SUCTION POWER GENERATOR

CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION

Pamahal na nang pamahal ang electricity sa Pilipinas at marahil gayundin sa ibang bansa. Pero kung tutuusin, masu­werte pa rin tayo dahil mayroon tayong mga pinagkukunan ng elektrisidad 24 hours a day (except sa ilang lugar sa Pilipinas na hindi pa nararating ng linya ng kuryente) tulad ng Hydropower dams, Geothermal power, Wind power, Biomass, Solar at ang main source natin ng electricity na Fossil fuel power plants o ‘yung mga planta ng kuryente na ang mga panggatong in producing electricity ay coal, natural gas and oil-based fuels.

Sa Pilipinas, to sustain our needs for electricity we have existing 25 coal-fired power plants alone at mayroon pang mga kino-construct. Kaya nga hindi maiiwasan ang patuloy na pagtaas ng presyo per kilowatt hour ng kuryente natin dahil ang primary providers ng power ay umaangkat ng kanilang fuels from abroad.

Latest available Department of Energy (DoE) data show coal accounting for 47.7% of the country’s power generation sources, renewable energy making up 24.2%; natural gas, 21.9% and oil-based fuels, 6.2% in 2016. In terms of installed generating capacity, coal accounted for 35.3% in Luzon, 32.1% in the Visayas and 33.8% in Mindanao, while renewable energy made up 27.5%, 47.9% and 40%, respectively. – Business World Online

There are drawbacks on fossil fuel power generator dependency such as in terms of environmental pollution. Our electricity providers using coal, natural gas and oil-based fuels are carbon dioxide (CO2) emitters totaling to 75.8% contribution on air contamination.

Subalit sa patuloy na lumalaking population sa buong mundo, hindi talaga maiiwasan ang pagtatayo ng mas marami pang fossil fuel power plants dahil ito lang ang kayang mag-supply nang mabilisan at maramihang electricity sa mga tahanan, manufacturing companies, offices, etc. dahil hindi sapat ang pino-produce na kuryente ng mga renewable energy. At para mabawasan or ma-mi­tigate ang ibinubugang tone-tone­ladang CO2 per minute sa atmosphere ng fossil fuel power plants, natuklasan ng environmental sanitation scientists and engineers ang Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) or Carbon Capture Sequestration technique.

What is CCS?

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) or carbon capture and sequestration  is the process of capturing waste carbon dioxide (CO2) from large point sources, such as fossil fuel power plants, transporting it to a storage site, and depositing it where it will not enter the atmosphere, normally an underground geological formation. The aim is to prevent the release of large quantities of CO2 into the atmosphere (from fossil fuel use in power generation and other industries). It is a potential means of mitigating the contribution of fossil fuel emissions to global warming and ocean acidification. Although CO2 has been injected into geological formations for several decades for various purposes, including enhanced oil recovery, the long term storage of CO2 is a relatively new concept. – WIKIPEDIA

Carbon capture and storage (CCS), which is sometimes called carbon capture and sequestration, prevents large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) from being released into the atmosphere. The technology involves capturing CO2 produced by large industrial plants, compressing it for transportation and then injecting it deep into a rock formation at a carefully selected and safe site, where it is permanently stored. Because CCS can achieve significant CO2 emission reductions, it is considered a key option within the portfolio of approaches required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.-Global CCS Institute

Ang problema sa CCS, gumagamit sila ng energy na galing din mismo sa power plant emitters kung kaya nababawasan ang kuryenteng dapat ay napakikinabangan ng electricity consumers.

CCS is a waste of ­money!

Another problem with CCS is the high cost of capturing, liquefying, transporting and burying carbon dioxide emissions.  CCS costs at least 40 percent more than solar, 125 percent more than wind, and 260 percent more than geothermal energy for each kilogram of carbon dioxide emissions avoided (per unit of electricity generated).  It is also costly in energy terms:  carbon capture and storage can cut an existing coal plant’s power output by as much as 40 percent. – Greenpeace International

Additional Social Acceptability Issues: Public awareness of CCS as a low-carbon option in the Philippines remains low. Added cost of power resulting from CCS energy penalties have been raised as a major cause for concern in previous public discussions held at DOE.  Grid-wide losses due to CCS energy penalties will need to be compensated for by new plants. – Global CCS Institute

Blessed ang Pilipinas dahil dito natuklasan ang power self-generating carbon dioxide suction system, ang solusyon sa matin­ding problema ng CCS at sa patuloy na tumataas na electricity bills natin. Invented by Ruben R. Pesebre the technology is titled System of Producing Electricity Through Water and Air Pressure with Philippine Patent No. 1-2005-000208 issued on May 12, 2009.

ABSTRACT

The invention is a source of electricity utilizing water and air pressure potency. Specifically, it is a power generator that exploits precise volume of water flowing through penstock down to a turbine coupled to a generator while the absolute air pressure increases the descending speed and boosts the water bottom pressure thus, rotating the turbine and the generator at precise spin to produce electricity. Combined to function interdependently, the new invention made of particular materials includes: cylindrical water and air pressure reservoir,  to hold and withstand required air pressure and volume of water; the penstock, where the required volume of water continuously flow downward; the cone-shaped channel chamber fixed at the bottom end of penstock to direct water flow into the pressurized water release valves to surge down toward the 45 degrees-set nozzles and precisely hit the Pesebre-Garcia Turbine inside the turbine casing; the water recycling tank, which contains 14.7psi atm, is positioned as pedestal of the invention and it is where the volume of water flows after rotating the turbine; the sediments catch basin is where the water flows after passing through the water recycling tank and having a water filtration material on its sides to separate and discharge the sediments into the catch basin release valve; the cylindrical reaction tank with decontaminated air discharge control valve and tube inlet valve & pressure gauge controlled by the attached pneumatics situated on top the said reaction tank, supplies the water and air pressure reservoir with specific volume of water pushes by the sterilized air pressure upward through the main water recycling pipe; the sterilized air pressure container, where air contaminants sterilization process occurs and which supplies sterilized air pressure to the reaction tank that causes the volume of water inside it to flow upward to  the water and pressure reservoir and flows down again through the penstock to create water and air pressure cycle in producing power synchronized with the air decontamination process; a required  air compressor delivers in time pressurized air to the sterilized air pressure container.

After years of research and development (R&D) for commercialization, the invention has evolved into a power generating machine with air decontamination system using water and air pressure. It became a renewable source of electricity as well as carbon dioxide and other air pollutants sterilizer through suction.

The invention can help reduce (or in large scale prevent) air pollution in the vicinity where it is built by capturing from the atmosphere, particularly the soluble carbon dioxide through direct air carbon sequestration procedure (DACSP), combustible methane (if any) and other environmental health hazards, which are decontaminated during the process of producing electricity and are to be released back into the atmosphere as sterilized air.

The new technology is obviously different from Carbon Capture and Storage system. CCS is operating by means of the electricity being generated by the fossil fuel power plants themselves where it is set to sequester their CO2 emissions.

According to the energy and climate scientist, Kevin Anderson, “the more CCS, the more atmosphere pollutant carbon dioxide they (fossil fuel power plants) will produce.” CCS technology is dependent on the electricity being generated by the fossil fuel power plants because it is not capable to produce energy by itself, whereas the power generating machine with air decontamination system synchronizes with producing electricity.

Ang bagong technology na ito ay tinatawag ngayong carbon dioxide sequestration through suction power generator. Kapag ikinabit ito sa fossil fuel power plants, hihigupin nito sa pamamagitan ng CO2 suction device ang mga ibinubugang carbon dioxide papunta sa  CO2 compressor para maging liquid. Ang CO2 kasi,at above 5.1 atmospheric pressure (75 psi air pressure) ay nagli-liquefy. Kapag liquid na ang CO2, puwede na itong i-transport papunta sa storage facility. Ang problema ng CCS, malaking bahagi ng power output ng fossil fuel power plant ay hindi napakikinabangan ng power consumers. Ayon nga sa findings ng mga scientist, engineer at researcher, 40 percent ng kuryenteng pino-produce ay nagagamit sa pag-capture at pag-liquefy lang ng ibinubuga nilang CO2.

Still another very important purpose of the new invention: a) produce low-cost and augment the supply of electricity; b) address the ongoing worldwide price hike of electricity as it will entail low-cost construction, will not use expensive fuels to operate, and there will be no system losses since its generated electricity does not have to travel miles-length wires from the remote power plants (hydroelectric, thermoelectric, geothermal, etc.) to the consumers as  this could be put up within their community or wherever possible within their reach; c) arrest the problem on the scarcity of energy  by putting it up wherever possible (e.g.,within the residential, commercial, or industrial areas; within the municipality or city; in a compound; or inside a commercial/industrial building); d) provide the power-generating industry with a new technology that is manageable or easy to operate, environment-friendly as it has an air cleansing system, and highly profitable because it will not use fuels and will not require lengthy expensive copper cables and steel towers carrying high-voltage power transmission lines (which expose people to danger) and hundreds of thousands of aluminum conductors (which eat up large amount of operational funds of the existing power plants).

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